The sides of the rooms were stone and abutted the massive stone piers that supported the floors above. Eight-sided forms were felt to mediate between the symbolism of the square, representing earthly existence, and the circle (standing for heaven or eternity).” Jack Tresidder, “Symbols and Their Meanings,” 154 From 1937 to 1962, the LDS Church reacquired and restored the lot on which the temple stood. In February 1865, Nauvoo's City Council ordered the final demolition of the last standing portion of the temple—one lone corner of the façade. In modern Mormonism, the first inverted star appeared on the Nauvoo, Illinois, temple in the 1840s. There were also pews for a band and choir. There was a staircase in the second room from the Southeast corner leading to a room above, providing another access method to the attic. Notice the unique incorporation of the phases of the moon within the beautiful star window of the St. Louis Missouri Temple: During the winter of 1845–46, the temple began to be used for additional ordinances, including the Nauvoo-era endowment, sealings in marriage, and adoptions. The Nauvoo Temple was the second temple constructed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. At its base the building was 128 feet (39 m) long and 88 feet (27 m) wide with a clock tower and weather vane reaching to a total height of 165 feet (50 m)—a 60% increase over the dimensions of the Kirtland Temple. Their finish is admirable and as complete as any of the best specimens of chiseling on the Girard College at Philadelphia.”3, Benjamin Mitchell and Charles Lambert carved the first sunstones. Access to the first floor mezzanine was directly from landings of the two staircases in the west end of the building. Modern Nauvoo Temple pentagram Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary gives the definition of a pentagram as: “a five-pointed star-shaped figure made by extending the sides of a regular pentagon until they meet, used as an occult symbol by the Pythagoreans … A flight of eight broad steps led to a landing where two more steps entered three archways. 4, page 4. The vestibule itself was forty-three feet by seventeen feet in dimension. Parley P. Pratt’s hymn “The Morning Breaks” declares: The morning breaks, the shadows flee; Lo, Zion’s standard is unfurled! Like Kirtland, the Nauvoo Temple contained two assembly halls, one on the first floor and one on the second, called the lower and upper courts. It is often mistakenly thought that these stones represent the three degrees of glory in the Latter Day Saint conception of the afterlife, but the stones appear in the wrong order. A WEB page devoted to the history, construction, destruction and appearance of the Mormon Nauvoo Temple in Illinois. Both had classrooms and offices in the attic. Instead, Wandle Mace, foreman for the framework of the Nauvoo Temple, has explained that the design of the temple was meant to be "a representation of the Church, the Bride, the Lamb's wife". The floor has been speculated to be made of wood, because when the mob occupied the temple briefly in late 1847, they broke through the floor to reach a sealed off room in the basement. They may have been part of a feature planned, but not used, in the final construction. After a succession crisis, Brigham Young was sustained as the church's leader by the majority of Latter Day Saints in Nauvoo. The Icarians used much of the temple's stone to build a new school building on the southwest corner of the temple lot. (Symbols in Stone, p. In 1877 the president of the newly dedicated St. George Temple, Wilford Woodruff, requested permission of Church President Brigham Young to set apart others to perform sealings. The area was illuminated by six windows along the foyer's west wall. which stood for President of the High priests Quorum, and the folding table had the inscription P.E.Q. It was perhaps the first depiction of this sacred event in Church history by a trained artist, and for many years it was included in the large-print edition of the Book of Mormon. Circular windows in the entablature of the building allowed for illumination. Some say this happened around the time of the Inquisition, while others say it could have been as late as the 19th century. This symbol, as it appears on Mormon temples, takes two forms: one pointing up, and one down. When we speak of building the kingdom of God today, most of the time we mean it in a figurative sense: we serve in the Church, share the gospel with others, and follow the counsel of the living prophet. Notes [1] Joseph Smith, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ed. Nauvoo, Illinois. "[9], The pulpits to the West end were reserved for the Aaronic Priesthood. I love the history of our Church and my pioneer ancestors. This symbolism carries inside the temple: The book Sacred Walls: Learning from Temple Symbols gives an extra insight into the significance of the number of five-pointed stars. your own Pins on Pinterest [Page 162] In addition, the rituals of the Lodge enabled Mormon Masons to become familiar with symbols and forms they would later encounter in the Nauvoo temple. The Nauvoo sunstone, with its human face, is similar to the Masonic depictions of the sun. With few exceptions, the exterior of the temple followed the original design, including the 30 sunstones. The first stonecutters responsible for these imposing sculptures were Benjamin Mitchell and Charles Lambert. A foyer, corresponding in size to the vestibule below, connected the two stairway landings. These included specific ritual terms, language, handclasps, and gestures as well as larger patterns such as those involving repetition and the use of questions and answers as an aid to teaching. They told him, “If you can work we can do with your work, but we have nothing to give you.” He replied, “I have not come here to work for pay. There may have been some kind of tank at the eastern end of the baptistry to store and heat water.[9]. The roof had four octagonal skylight windows to provide light to the interior rooms, in addition to a twenty-foot arched window. With the exception of the two rooms at the western end of the basement, reportedly used for clerical purposes, each side room rose two steps in height from the basement floor. William Weeks' elevation of the front facade does not show windows at the basement level of the two stairwells, and photographic evidence is inconclusive. When the main body of the church was forced out of Nauvoo, Illinois, in the winter of 1846, the church attempted to sell the building, finally succeeding in 1848. Much of that quarry, however, was submerged by rising water behind the Keokuk Dam in 1912. Sometimes the symbol may have multiple meanings on a given temple adding a rich depth of symbolism. Temple Symbolism I particularly love the design and architecture of the Nauvoo temple, especially the unique symbolism carved into it. Once the first floor was finished with pulpits and benches, the building was finally dedicated in private services on April 30, 1846, and in public services on 1 May. [9], The incline of the roof prevented a six-foot-tall man from standing erect along the outside wall. They were not true circles but were flatted on four sides. The Latter Day Saints made preparations to build a temple soon after establishing their headquarters at Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1839. But the symbolism used on the Salt Lake and Nauvoo Temples and on other temples is older and has more meaning than Mormons have been led to believe. To early Church members, the sun breaking through clouds symbolized the dawning of the Restoration and the coming of gospel light to illuminate a dark earth. The tower was divided into three sections, each accessible by a series of stairways leading from the attic to an observation deck at the top. The archways were approximately nine feet wide and twenty-one feet high. Again, the next had P.T.Q., for President of the Teachers Quorum and on the table at the bottom was written P.D.Q., for President of the Deacons Quorum. There were actually two fonts built during the lifetime of the temple, a temporary wooden one, and a permanent limestone one. This symbol has a lot of meaning, and that meaning varies depending on how it is used on a particular temple. There’s a scene from The DaVinci Code that illustrates this point well: Symbols have different meanings to different people. Heber C. Kimball did all of these things, but as a blacksmith and potter, he also built the kingdom in a literal sense. Above each sun are two hands holding trumpets, heralding the dawning of the gospel in this dispensation. In 1999, church president Gordon B. Hinckley announced the rebuilding of the temple on its original footprint. [9], The second floor mezzanine is also presumed to have been divided into fourteen small rooms, seven rooms along each side of the North and South walls of the building, between the arched ceiling of the second floor. In September 1846 the remaining Latter Day Saints were driven from the city and vigilantes from the neighboring region, including Carthage, Illinois, entered the near-empty city and vandalized the temple. Wandle Mace, Autobiography 207 (BYU Special Collections)). Egyptian star hieroglyphics: On the Nauvoo Temple, five-pointed stars with a ray pointing down are between the sunstones and … Nauvoo Temple Stone Symbols There are many symbols carved in stone on the exterior walls of the Nauvoo Temple. This symbol has a lot of meaning, and that meaning varies depending on how it is used on a particular temple. The Nauvoo Temple was in use for less than three months. These archways led to the vestibule, the formal entrance to the temple. [9], Similar to the Kirtland Temple, the hall was fitted with enclosed pews with two aisles running down its length. Lisle G. Brown. Accordingly, each pulpit had initials identifying the priesthood office of the occupant. The Latter Day Saints made preparations to build a temple soon after establishing their headquarters at Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1839. There is no general consensus among historians and even Wiccans and witches are not in full agreement. Tongues of fire are a symbol of the gift of thee Holy Ghost (Acts 2:3-4). Unlike Kirtland, it had a full basement which housed a baptismal font. When Lambert first arrived in Nauvoo, he desired to work on the Temple. This illustrated lecture takes as its subject a superficially documented and misunderstood feature of Mormon iconography, the pentagram. Nauvoo's residents attempted to put out the fire, but the temple was gutted. Sometimes the symbol may have multiple meanings on a given temple adding a rich depth of symbolism. One report stated that on the east wall of the vestibule was an entablature, similar to the one in the facade, which read in bright gilded letters, "THE HOUSE OF THE LORD - Built by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints - Commenced April 6th, 1841 - HOLINESS TO THE LORD. [. Temple Sealers. 6:00 p.m. Six long chimes ring from a bell located within the Nauvoo Temple tower to signal the first of many dedicatory services for the newly rebuilt Nauvoo Temple. Deciding when the inverted star actually came to be known as a symbol of evil can be confusing. [9], Above the Eastern pulpits, written in gilded letters, along the arch of the ceiling, were the words,"The Lord Has Seen Our Sacrifice - Come After Us. "[9], The two stairwells were constructed of dressed limestone walls. [9], At the east and west ends of the hall were two sets of similar pulpits. It was roughed in with temporary boards resting on the risers. The sound seems to announce a rebirth of dreams long wanting to be fulfilled. . The southwest staircase was completely finished for use. 155.) This made the room about seventeen feet longer. Cabet, whose followers were called Icarians, hoped to establish Nauvoo as a communistic utopia.[5]. However, Joseph Smith's youngest son, David Smith, rendered a painting of the temple's damaged facade, clearly shows half-circular windows at the basement level in the north and south corners of the facade. After two years of construction, on June 27, 2002, the church dedicated the Nauvoo Illinois Temple, whose exterior is a replica of the first temple, but whose interior is laid out like a modern LDS temple. Nauvoo Temple window history in … The second room from the south-east corner had a stairway leading to a room in the mezzanine below. Truman O. Angell, architect of the Salt Lake Temple said that the symbols of the Salt Lake Temple were based on the Nauvoo Temple. It covers the miracles, sacrifice and visions connected with this We will examine some of them here and discuss the interpretation thereof. Evidence suggests that this mezzanine had fourteen small rooms, seven along each side of the North and South wall. On April 2, 1849, LeBaron sold the damaged temple to Étienne Cabet for $2,000. Therefore, Russellville, Alabama, subsidiary of Minnesota's Vetter Stone Company, was chosen by the Church to provide stone for the new temple. Above each sun are two hands holding trumpets, heralding the dawning of the gospel in this dispensation. The sunstone, moontstone and starstones. The ears of the oxen were made of tin. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°33′02″N 91°23′04″W / 40.5505°N 91.3844°W / 40.5505; -91.3844 The Church of Satan (yeah, it’s a thing) copyrighted their version of the inverted pentagram as the official symbol of their church in 1983, almost 150 years after it appeared in Mormon architectu… Along with the Nauvoo Temple, the symbol is also used on the Salt Lake Temple and Logan Temple as well as other temples. After the fire of October 9, 1848, only the four exterior walls remained standing. [9], A well on the east side of the font provided the water supply. The second temple of the Latter Day Saint movement was built 60 percent larger in dimensions than its predecessor, the Kirtland Temple. The Nauvoo sunstone, with its human face, is similar to the Masonic depictions of the sun. Nauvoo Illinois Temple. It is little wonder, then, that sunstones were featured prominently on the Nauvoo Temple. These all stand out on the stone boldly. The basement with its font was finished, as were the first floor assembly hall and the attic. Even though the exterior symbols on the pilasters of the Nauvoo Temple are the sun, moon, and stars it should be understood that they are not arranged in the sequence that is associated with the three degrees of glory (i.e., star on bottom = telestial kingdom; moon in the middle = terrestrial kingdom; sun on top = celestial kingdom). The first, owned by the state of Illinois, is displayed on the grounds of the Nauvoo Visitors’ Center. The room was flanked on either side by seven large, arched windows, with four similar windows along the east wall. Like Kirtland, the temple contained two assembly halls, one on the first floor and one on the second, called the lower and upper courts. [9], The staircases, made of wood, provided access to all of the temple from the basement to the attic with a landing at each floor. At its base the building was 128 feet (39 m) long and 88 feet (27 m) wide with a clock tower and weather vanereaching to a total height of 165 feet (50 m)—a 60% increase over the dimensions of the Kirtland Temple. In 2000, the church began to build a temple on the original site with an exterior that is a replica of the first temple, but whose interior is laid out like a modern Latter-day Saint temple. Soon afterwards, all evidence of the temple disappeared, except for a hand pump over a well that supplied water to the baptismal font. [9], Rising from the plateau of the attic is an octagonal tower. The lower, face portion was carved from one piece of limestone, and the trumpets from another.

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