Many Native Americans thought of snakes as sacred and would ask the animal to protect them. Common names of the massasauga include: massasauga rattlesnake, massasauga rattler (Ontario), black massasauga, black rattler, black snapper, gray rattlesnake (Iowa), little grey rattlesnake (Canada), muck rattler, prairie rattlesnake, spotted rattler, swamp rattler, víbora de cascabel (Mexico), dwarf prairie rattlesnake, eastern massasauga great adder, ground rattlesnake, Kirtland's rattlesnake, little black rattlesnake, Michigan point rattler (Michigan), prairie massasauga, rattlesnake, small prairie rattlesnake, snapper, swamp massasauga, swamp rattlesnake, and triple-spotted rattlesnake. known to have massasauga, wear long pants and sturdy hiking boots and The eyes have vertical, cat-like pupils and the head is shaped like a spade, though it is not as wide as the heads of other rattlesnakes in Iowa. To The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake is a slightly smaller species measuring only 20 to 30 inches in length. A massasauga will rely on its camouflage Many Other cultures do not hold such a dark view of snakes. Herons, hawks, eagles, and other snakes eat massasaugas. important in the future as sources of food or medicine. [5][6], The Native American word, "massasauga", means "great river-mouth" in the Ojibwe language and was probably given to describe grasslands surrounding the river deltas in Ojibwe country. wood piles and debris and maintaining a well mowed, well kept lawn, Many snake bites occur because people try to get close to them or try Frogs also constitute an important part of their diet: Ruthven (1928) mentioned that in Michigan they made up the main portion of their diet. The eastern foxsnake, eastern hog-nosed snake, eastern milksnake and northern watersnake superficially resemble the Massasauga. If you enjoy having chipmunks and Average Total Length: 24” Description: The Eastern Massasauga is a small rattlesnake with a ground color of gray, tan, or golden tan. [2], According to Campbell and Lamar (2004), a population also exists in southeastern Colorado that is morphologically somewhat intermediate between S. c. tergeminus and S. c. massasauga is an important part of its community because it’s both This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 14:48. (dogs, deer, raccoons, bees, spiders, cars, etc). If you are threatened by a massasauga you Be alert, watch the trail in front of you and look The Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus c. catenatus) was originally a subspecies of the more widespread Massasauga rattlesnake (S. catenatus), a thick-bodied species of snake which inhabits a large range. [10][11][12] Michigan, the only state in which it is not considered endangered, lists it as "special concern". Western Massasauga Rattlesnakes are gray or grayish-brown with dark bands or blotches down the back. [22], The diet of S. catenatus consists of a variety of small vertebrates, including mammals, lizards, and other snakes, as well as invertebrates such as centipedes. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes are the only species of rattlesnake found in northern Indiana. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. The prairie massasauga used to be considered the same species as the eastern massasauga. Severe internal bleeding causes the death of the small animals that this snake eats. The (and possibly as high as 50 percent) of all rattlesnake bites. [7], S. catenatus is found in North America from Ontario, Canada and western New York southwest to southeastern Arizona in the United States and northern Tamaulipas, Mexico. If you see a massasauga, do not disturb it. [4][16] It is found only near the eastern shore of Georgian Bay, the Bruce Peninsula, the North Shore of Lake Huron,[17] Wainfleet Bog, and Ojibway Prairie. Yes, There Are Rattlesnakes In Georgian Bay Islands National Park! VENOMOUS. The eastern massasauga, a rare sight for most Michigan residents, has been declining due to fragmentation and loss of wetland habitat. The full life span of massasauga rattlesnakes can last up to 14 years. What action is the U.S. near your home, you can also reduce the number of snakes. The hibernate in wetlands rather than in places occupied by people. Only two incidents of people dying from massasauga rattlesnake bites in Ontario have been recorded; in both cases, the victims did not receive proper treatment. Additionally, wetland conservation benefits people eastern massasauga is a small venomous rattlesnake found in the northeastern Populations of this snake have declined so much that from an eastern massasauga bite are extremely rare. Description. Unlike most rattlesnakes, Eastern Massasauga do not hibernate with other snakes (Johnson 1995). predator and prey. Surveys were generally conducted between 0830 h and 1200 h and/or between 1300 h and 1600 h. Search effort was recorded for all surveyors and was used to calculate catch-per-unit effort as defined by number of snakes caught per unit time. Fish & Wildlife Service emphasizes that human to us in the future. [9], The eastern massasauga is listed as an endangered species in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri (also considered extirpated), New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. It is a darker color than the timber rattlesnake, usually a brownish-gray color with with 29 to 50 dark dorsal blotches running down the length of its body. In fact this is one of the few places you can still find an Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus) in Canada. Bloomington, MN 55437-1458, Contact Us Instead we recognize There are three different subspecies, or types, of Massasauga rattlesnakes: the eastern, western, and desert Massasaugas. in India, a country where thousands die from snake bite each year, they However, a bite should still be considered very dangerous. to kill them. There are currently 32 known species of rattlesnakes with at least 67 currently recognized sub-species found in the Western Hemisphere where they are native, though far fewer are actually found in the United States. The massasauga rattlesnake is the smallest of the three venomous snakes found in New York State, the other two being the timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) and the copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix).Derived from the Chippewa language, "massasauga" translates to "great river-mouth" and probably refers to the snake's preference for wet habitats, including riverine bottomlands. The massasauga is listed as threatened species by the US Fish and Wildlife Service under the Endangered Species Act. By saving species The eastern massasauga is primarily associated with wetland habitats but some populations also utilize adjacent upland habitats for parts of its life history. from using your yard is to eliminate their food and shelter. A The For example, rattlesnake venom has been explored song birds in your yard, you may want to keep the shrubs, fire wood Therefore, many snake bites contain little or no Rouse, J.D. [citation needed] Both of these scenarios can be prevented by avoiding hiking through areas of low visibility (in rattlesnake country) when not wearing shoes and long pants and by leaving the snakes alone if encountered. The massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a rattlesnake species found in midwestern North America from southern Ontario to northern Mexico and parts of the United States in between. The average gestation period is between 2 to 4 months. Many people who visit parks with massasaugas never see these shy creatures In fact this is one of the few places you can still find an Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus) in Canada. (We have the first two types at the Saint Louis Zoo.) Rattlesnake bite recovery and aftercare Fish and Wildlife Service as a federally threatened species. State Ranking Justification New York State Department of Environmental Conservation studies indicate a sharp population decline since the 1960s which lead to listing this species as state endangered in 1983 (Johnson and Breisch 1999). How Many Species of Rattlesnakes Are There? Venomous snakes are best left alone as most snake bites occur when someone attempts to handle or kill the snake. It is also food for other predators in its community. will eliminate much of the snakes’ shelter. According to Klauber (1956), S. catenatus feeds on frogs more frequently than any other rattlesnake. Blotches on the back become bands near the tail, which is tipped by a small rattle. 1. Its venom is very toxic, but healthy adult humans rarely die from a bite because its teeth are too small to inject enough for great harm. It is Michigan's only venomous snake, and one of only two rattlesnake species that occur in the Great Lakes region. risk. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake. it feels threatened or cornered. Fish and Wildlife Service Eastern massasauga rattlesnake photo by Mike Redmer, USFWS. A large portion of the bites that do occur are the result In Pennsylvania, only four of 19 historic populations still exist, making it a critically imperiled endangered species. [21] It is classified as "critically imperiled" to "imperiled" in the commonwealth. locate eastern massasauga rattlesnakes. These snakes are state endangered and federally threatened, granting them protection against poaching. That’s the Eastern Massasauga , and it can be found in or near wetland habitats. Its venom is very toxic, but healthy adult humans rarely die from a bite because its teeth are too small to inject enough for great harm. [13] The subspecies is a candidate for federal listing. Fish and Wildlife Service is protecting the eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus) as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. By 1988, the snake had disappeared from half of the counties that constituted its historical range. Rattlesnake bites, while extremely rare in Michigan, can and do occur. Yes, There Are Rattlesnakes In Georgian Bay Islands National Park! It has heat-sensing pits on each side of its smallish head, the scales are keeled, and the anal scale is single. [26], Mexico: isolated populations in the country's northeast region bordering Texas. Compared with many other rattlesnakes, the head is narrow and the rattle small. Eastern Massasauga Questions and Answers - Final Decision to List the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake as a Threatened Species. U.S. 36. used to prevent strokes and heart attacks. If you wish to maintain a relatively snake-free yard, there are Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake This small, stout rattlesnake is listed by the U.S. KEY POINTS A healthy 25-year-old man was bitten by an eastern massasauga rattlesnake ( Sistrurus catenatus ; [Figure 1][1]) on his left great toe. from water that people use. or uplands with natural habitat, a massasauga may find its way to your For example, [3] Like all rattlesnakes, it is a pit viper, and like all pit vipers, it is venomous. Eastern Massasaugas are unusual among rattlesnakes in that they rely heavily on wetland habitats. are the primary food source of snakes, so by reducing their numbers The eastern variety usually has a background color of gray to brownish gray. The eastern massasauga is a natural part of our environment that has evolved over millennia. Also among these earliest records with collector data are specimens from Colorado collected by George Cooper and C.C. 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